Why Additional Medication Is Used
There are many drugs which are used in addiction treatment programs to relieve withdrawal side effects and decrease the chances of relapse. In some cases, use of medicine assists users to keep away from the addictive substances. When the withdrawal side effects are too much then sometimes users surrender and stop taking medications and relapse. For inpatient and outpatient rehab plans they have included medicines in addiction treatment. For the best chance of becoming sober and staying sober the medication dose may be altered.
Withdrawal symptoms and cravings can be eased with the help of medication that mimic the effect of the addictive substances.
Detox And Drug Withdrawal
The user need to get free themselves from the drug in the early stage of recovery. This stage is known as the detox period. Based on the drug, the detoxification process can last from several days to several weeks.
The hardest part of detoxification is having to deal with withdrawal symptoms. The intensity of withdrawal symptoms differs according to the history of drug abuse. The ones that were using opiates in high dosages for a long-term have the worst side effects.
There are many uncomfortable symptoms that may be experienced during this stage of recovery. They may include
- Feeling Nauseous
- Uncontrollable shaking
- Body pain
Different medicines are prescribed to help various withdrawal side effects. In detox, physicians may prescribe drugs such as
- For stress and irritability reduction.
- Withdrawal from many drugs including Heroin and Cocaine can cause anxiousness.
- Benzos have tranquilizing symptoms, which helps comforting alcohol withdrawals.
- Doctors are careful when it comes about prescribing benzos since they are habit-forming.
- These medicines help the user to feel good and create natural happiness in their brain.
- It is common with the people in detox to feel depressed as they have been using drugs for a much longer period to keep themselves happy.
- To avoid such feelings till the time the brain itself starts producing happiness-inducing chemicals, Zoloft and Prozac (antidepressants) should be used.
- Sweating, aches, muscle pains and nervousness can be reduced by using Clonidine in the treatment of alcohol and opiate withdrawals.
- Additionally, Clonidine can put an end to tremors and convulsive attack.
People recovering from alcohol, Valium or Xanax addiction should never try to quit on their own since detoxing from alcohol or benzodiazepines can lead to death. The fact is there are always some difficulties associated with drug withdrawal but every withdrawal is not so deadly. There is a complete surety of success and security in detox.
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Medicines For Alcohol Addiction
Severe and prolonged withdrawal symptoms that last for weeks or months are as a result of alcohol abuse over an extended period. This is called prolonged or post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS).
PAWS can be comforted through maintenance rehabilitation that may not only reduce hunger but also limit drug desire. In most cases the patient has to take these drugs every day and they come in form of pills.
Recovery from alcohol addiction involves medication such as
- Naltrexone (Vivitrol)
- Naltrexone has the ability to impasse receptors that generates the feeling of content with alcohol in the brain.
- Not only this, it also suppress the desire of drinking.
- There are side effects of using Naltrexone including headaches and nausea.
- Naltrexone is given in the form of a injection.
- Acamprosate (Campral)
- Acamprosate has the ability to comfort from the effects of alcohol obsession that includes emotional and physical suffering.
- Once completing the detox, recovery from alcohol can use Acamprosate.
- Acamprosate works by eliminating the worse feelings of nervousness and hopelessness that results in lessening the desire to drink.
- Disulfiram (Antabuse)
- This was the first approved medication for alcohol abuse.
- When someone that is taking Disulfiram drinks alcohol, the medicine provokes effects like nausea and vomiting.
- It was hoped that the fact that taking alcohol would make them sick would prevent the recovering addicts from drinking.
Get further information about medical care for alcohol addiction.
Medications For Opiate And Heroin Addiction
Morphine, Heroin and narcotic painkillers such as OxyContin are all opiates. The cravings and withdrawal symptoms of recovering from opiate addiction can be eased by some medications. Recommended dosage is a tablet a day.
Some recovering addicts only go through withdrawal from Heroin and Opiate drugs for just a week. Long- term withdrawal symptoms can be experienced by some people. Cases of withdrawal symptoms that have lasted for months and even years have been recorded. The urges to use drugs and PAWS can be treated using long-term replacement medications. A recovering addict should take these medicines until they are completely free.
Medicines used to treat Heroin and pain relief addictions include
- Methadone is for normal to high Opiate addictions.
- Methadone never get the addicts high and attaches to the similar receptors in the brain for working.
- Withdrawal symptoms and the urge to use are reduced by this.
- People become addict of Methadone in place of Heroin and painkillers if it is not use carefully.
- The medication is dispensed daily to prevent abuse.
- More About Methadone.
- Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
- Buprenorphine is less potent than Methadone though it works on the same principles, it is not as highly controlled.
- Buprenorphine users may frequently take the drug home with them in place of heading to a centre each day to get it.
- The effect of Naltrexone on opiate addiction is the same as its effect on alcohol addiction.
- This drug helps to control the urge or craving.
- Since alcohol and opiates stimulate some of the same receptors in the brain, naltrexone can work for both addictions.
Detoxing And Rehab
Many people have attempted to give up drug use on their own. This isn't just more difficult, it is also more risky than a medical detoxing. A safe and comfortable location such as a rehab centre is the best way to gain sobriety. Some addictions such as alcohol or benzos are more suited to medical detox.
A monitored detox is the primary stage to treat any kind of addiction.
Health problems can be improve through supervised detox. The treating therapist monitors a rehab patient's vital signs like pulse, temperature, breathing rate and fluid levels in a medically supervised treatment. The doctors keep the patient comfortable. In addition, they adapt any medicine dosages depending on the patient's requirements and durable programs for medication.
Medically supervised detoxification is also important for people with other health problems. Blood pressure can be problematic during detox. Doctors can spot impending problems and treat them early.
Inpatient rehabs include Detox, most often. 30 to 90 days of rehab is the average time it takes. The primary week is of carefully monitored detoxification. Behavioural therapy is one of the rehab treatment for making recuperation fruitful.
Medical rehab is the best choice for helping a loved one gain sobriety call 0800 772 3971.