A sign is something others, like the doctor, see, whilst a symptom is something that the patient discerns and explains. An example of a symptom is a patient reporting sleepiness while a sign would be someone noticing dilated pupils.
Dependence on a substance - the person who is addicted to a substance like alcohol or drugs loses the ability to decide when to use and when not to use such. He/she continues to use it, despite the fact that it may be harmful (the person may or may not be aware of the possible risk).
Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. Addicts may desire to quit (give up), however experiences it very hard to do without assistance.
Personal circumstances, genetics, and the specific substance being used are all things that can determine how the signs and symptoms of abuse will manifest in an individual.
These are some of the possible signs and symptoms of alcohol addiction:
Unsuccessful attempts at stopping - the person taking the substance, like nicotine, alcohol, or other drugs, has made at least on serious try at stopping and was unable to.
Withdrawal symptoms - when the body levels of that drug drop below a specific level, a patient experiences mood-related and physical symptoms. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
The person's appetite may suddenly go high. A sleeping disorder is a typical side effect of withdrawal. Sometimes the individual may have constipation or diarrhoea. With a few substances, withdrawal can trigger viciousness, trembling, seizures, fantasies and sweats.
The addiction carries on regardless of health problems - an addicted person cannot take the drug even if they have developed sickness through taking it. An example is a smoker who doesn't stop smoking even after lung or heart problems begin.
Social sacrifices happen as activities are given up because of the addiction. A drunkard might choose not to go camping or boat ride if there will not be alcohol or a smoker might choose not to join his friends if they are meeting in a no-smoke pub or hotel.
Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
Risky behaviours (1) - users will take unnecessary risks to make sure they can get the substance, like stealing or trading sex for money or drugs.
Taking risks (2) - whilst under the influence of certain drugs, addicts might participate in high-risk activities, like driving at high speeds.
Coping with problems - an addict often feels like they cannot deal with their problems unless they are using.
Obsession - a dependent individual may invest increasingly time and energy concentrating on methods for getting hold of their substance and sometimes how to utilise it.
Loneliness and secrecy - in several instances addicts might use the substance on their own, or even secretly.
Denial - most people suffering from addiction refuse to admit it. They (are oblivious of or) ignore the fact that they are in danger.
Excess consumption - the individual takes too much of drugs, nicotine or alcohol in some cases of addiction. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
Losing interest in hobbies and activities - as the addiction gets worse and worse, the addict might stop doing things that e or she used to love. This might even be the situation with a smoker who finds he/she can't physically deal with participating in his/her best-loved sport.
Having reserves - the addict might have small reserves of his/her substance concealed in various areas of the car/house; frequently in improbable spots.
Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
Having problems with the law - many of the drug and alcohol addicts(except nicotine) suffer this problem. It may be because the individual cannot judge right, thus do things they normally won't do, or deliberately do something unlawful to obtain the substance.
Financial difficulties - the addicts will be willing to pay whatever it costs to access the substance if the substance is expensive. For instance, in most of the western world a packet of twenty cigarettes costs more than '11, if an addict smokes two packs a day, they will need '660 monthly and about '8,000 annually.
Strained relationships - such are seen more in cases where drugs or alcohol are the substance in use.
A person, because they indulge in alcohol or drugs may exhibit some or all of the above symptoms and not be certified addicts, but they will not display any of the withdrawal symptoms or the associated craving.